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Commutative property of addition | Changing the order of the addends does not change the result. | |

Commutative property of multiplication | Changing the order of the factors does not change the result. | |

Associative property of addition | Changing the grouping of the addends does not change the result. | (2 + 6) + 4 = 2 + (6 + 4) |

Associative property of multiplication | Changing the grouping of the factors does not change the result. | (3 × 5) × 4 = 3 × (5 × 4) |

Distributive property of multiplication over addition | A factor outside parentheses enclosing a sum can be distributed to each term inside the parentheses. | |