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Directions: Read the question, passage, or figure carefully, and choose the best answer.
Medical professionals not only have to handle physical medical emergencies; they also have to be prepared to manage behavioral emergencies. Behavioral emergencies occur when a person’s behavior—an observable response to the environment—is unreasonable to the point that it disrupts normal, everyday activities. Extreme cases of a behavioral emergency may result when someone’s behavior is creating a danger to themselves or others. Chronic cases of extreme behavioral emergencies may eventually be classified as a mental disorder. Psychological and behavioral effects can result from any number of illnesses; they can also be the result of a chemical imbalance, genetic disorder, or psychological disturbance. Some people who have serious mental disorders are at risk for increased incidents of behavioral emergencies because their behavioral patterns are typically impaired or disrupted. Consequently, medical professionals must be trained in crisis management to deal with behavioral emergencies that may increase the possibility of self-harm or interpersonal conflict. While medical practitioners must be trained for emergency situations that demand physical restraint, extreme cases of behavioral emergency may be directed to police for appropriate support.
1. Which of the following statements can the reader infer from the passage?
Exercise is critical for healthy development in children. Today in the United States, there is an epidemic of poor childhood health; many of these children will face further illnesses in adulthood that are due to poor diet and lack of exercise now. This is a problem for all Americans, especially with the rising cost of health care.
It is vital that school systems and parents encourage children to engage in a minimum of thirty minutes of cardiovascular exercise each day, mildly increasing their heart rate for a sustained period. This is proven to decrease the likelihood of developmental diabetes, obesity, and a multitude of other health problems. Also, children need a proper diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, so they can develop physically and learn healthy eating habits early on.
2. Which of the following statements from the passage is a fact, not an opinion?
Use the two passages below to answer questions 3 and 4.
Cicadas are familiar to many Americans due to their buzzing, clicking song. In the eastern part of the United States, during the summer the air echoes with the humming of the cicada, an oval-shaped insect that can reach up to 2.5 inches in length. Cicadas are harmless: they do not sting or bite humans. They emerge from the ground in the summer to mate. Cicadas live underground as juveniles, or nymphs, and shed their skin, or exoskeletons, to take on their adult form. Cicadas are found in Texas, the southeastern United States, the mid-Atlantic, and range up through New York State and southern New England. They also inhabit the Midwest.
The sounds of summer in the eastern United States feature the lazy buzzing of the cicada. Did you know that there are actually two kinds of cicadas? Some breeds emerge every year to hum away through the hot summer days. Others spend thirteen or even seventeen years underground as babies, or nymphs, only coming out into the light after all that time to mate and die! Cicadas may look a little scary, but don’t worry: they are not a threat to humans. Even though they can get quite large for insects, growing to up to 2.5 inches, they eat twigs and liquid from plants. Adult cicadas do not eat at all. They only live for a short time to mate.
3. What argument do both sources share about cicadas?
4. What is the main difference between the passages?